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CentOS 7.6 安装 Redmine 4.0.3 项目管理软件

Redmine 是一个网页界面的项目管理与缺陷跟踪管理系统的自由及开放源代码软件工具。它集成了项目管理所需的各项功能:日历、燃尽图和甘特图 以协助可视化表现项目与时间限制,问题跟踪和版本控制。此外,Redmine也可以同时处理多个项目。

1、安装 依赖关系源码包

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ make cmake autoconf bzip2 libyaml-devel zlib-devel curl-devel \ openssl-devel ImageMagick-devel sqlite-devel perl-LDAP \ perl-Digest-SHA net-tools setuptool net-snmp-devel lsof lrzsz sysstat

2、删除已经安装源码包

yum erase ruby ruby-libs ruby-mode ruby-rdoc ruby-irb ruby-ri ruby-docs

3、升级yum的包索引

yum clean allyum makecache fast

4、安装 Ruby 环境

下载安装 Ruby 源码

wget http://ring.shibaura-it.ac.jp/archives/lang/ruby/2.2/ruby-2.2.10.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/ruby && \ tar zxvf ruby-2.2.10.tar.gz && \ pushd ruby-2.2.10 && \ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ruby && \ make -j 2 && make installmkdir -p /usr/local/rubytar zxvf ruby-2.2.10.tar.gzpushd ruby-2.2.10./configure --prefix=/usr/local/rubymake -j 2make installln -sf /usr/local/ruby/bin/ruby /usr/bin/ruby

5、输入

ruby -v

查看 ruby 是否安装成功

如果显示下面内容说明安装成功

 ruby 2.2.10p489 (2018-03-28 revision 63023) [x86_64-linux]

6、设置Ruby环境变量 在 export PATH= 后面添加

vim /etc/profileexport PATH=/usr/local/ruby/bin:/usr/local/php/bin:/usr/local/nginx/sbin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH

7、立即生效

source /etc/profile

8、将 ruby 切换至国内源

gem sources --add https://gems.ruby-china.com/ --remove https://rubygems.org/

8、验证你的Ruby镜像

gem sources -l

10、更新源缓存

gem sources -u

11、更新 gem

gem update --system

12、安装 rubygems

wget http://production.cf.rubygems.org/rubygems/rubygems-3.0.3.tgztar -zxf rubygems-3.0.3.tgzpushd rubygems-3.0.3ruby setup.rbgem -v && popdtar -zxf rubygems-3.0.3.tgzpushd rubygems-3.0.3ruby setup.rbgem -vpopd

13、下载 Redmine

wget http://www.redmine.org/releases/redmine-4.0.3.tar.gztar -zxvf redmine-4.0.3.tar.gz/bin/mv redmine-4.0.3 /usr/local/redmine

14、创建配置文件

cd /usr/local/redmine/config/bin/cp database.yml.example database.yml/bin/cp configuration.yml.example configuration.yml

15、修改 database.yml 配置数据库账号和密码

production:adapter: mysql2database: redminedbhost: localhostusername: redminepassword: 12345678

16、修改 configuration.yml 配置电子邮件

后添加以下内容:

email_delivery: delivery_method: :smtp smtp_settings: tls: false address: "smtp.qq.com" port: 587 authentication: :login domain: 'qq.com' enable_starttls_auto: true user_name: 'fooher@qq.com' password: '12345678'

17、修改 settings.yml 配置 redmine 访问地址和端口 在第98行 把 localhost:3000 换成你的 IP+端口

这步可以不修改默认访问地址是 IP:3000
在第80行 把 redmine@example.net 换成你的邮件地址

#sed -i 's/localhost:3000$/192.168.20.235:3000/g' settings.yml#sed -i 's/redmine@example.net$/fooher@qq.com/g' settings.yml

18、环境安装完成后,进入数据库,创建数据库

mysql -uroot -p创建数据库CREATE DATABASE redminedb CHARACTER SET utf8mb4;新建 redmine 数据库账号CREATE USER 'redmine'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '12345678';添加权限 redmine 管理 redminedb 数据库GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON redminedb.* TO 'redmine'@'localhost';刷新数据库flush privileges;

19、安装Rails的依赖包管理工具 Bundler)

gem install bundler -v '1.17.3'#查看 bundler 是否安装成功bundler -v
19.2 再安装 Rails

gem install rails#查看 rails 是否安装成功rails -v
命令查看 rails 版本时都会提示需要安装依赖关系包,如下面找不到 selenium-webdriver 包

Could not find gem 'selenium-webdriver' in any of the gem sources listed in your Gemfile.Run `bundle install` to install missing gems.
我们要通过命令来安装或者修改 Gemfile 文件 修改为对应的版本号

gem install selenium-webdriver -v "3.141.0"

输入命令 rails -v 如果 rails 能显示版本号 说明 安装成功,如果没有成,要根据提示安装依赖关系包,直到 rails -v 显示版本号为止

20、安装 redmine 依赖的所有 ruby 包

bundle install --without development rmagick

21、如果执行上面命令后不动,出行 下面内容 要在 redmine 目录下执行

方法一: 重启系统

方法二: 使用下面命令一个一个包安装

方法三: 添加淘宝源并删除默认的源地址,或者修改文件 /usr/local/redmine/Gemfile 第一行

Don't run Bundler as root. Bundler can ask for sudo if it is needed, and installing your bundle as root will break this application for allnon-root users on this machine

22、安装 Rails 和 redmine 依赖的所有 ruby 包,我列出来方便大家安装时,能找出相对应的版本,其它版本可能对 ruby 2.2.10 不支持

gem install i18n -v '0.7.0'gem install nokogiri -v '1.9.1'#gem install rails -v '5.2.3'gem install rails -v '5.2.2.1'gem install rouge -v "3.3.0"gem install request_store -v "1.0.5"gem install actionpack-xml_parser -v '2.0.1'gem install roadie-rails -v "1.3.0"gem install xpath -v '3.1.0'gem install rbpdf -v '1.19.8'gem install net-ldap -v '0.16.1'gem install ruby-openid -v "2.3.0"gem install rack-openid -v "1.4.2"gem install rmagick -v "2.16.0"gem install redcarpet -v "3.4.0"#安装 redmine MySQL 支持gem install mysql2 -- --with-mysql-config=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_configgem install yardgem install mochagem install simplecov -v "0.14.1"gem install puma -v "3.7"gem install capybara -v "2.13"gem install selenium-webdriver -v "3.141.0"gem install rake -v '12.3.2'gem install json -v '2.2.0'gem install activesupport -v '5.2.3'gem install actionview -v '5.2.3'gem install actionpack -v '5.2.3'gem install activejob -v '5.2.3'gem install mime-types -v '3.2.2'gem install actionmailer -v '5.2.3'gem install actionpack-action_caching -v '1.2.0'gem install activemodel -v '5.2.3'gem install activerecord -v '5.2.3'gem install coderay -v '1.1.2'gem install railties -v '5.2.3'gem install rack -v '2.0.7'gem install protected_attributes -v '1.1.4'#gem install RubyGems -v '3.4.0'gem install net-ldap -v '0.16.1'gem install rbpdf -v '1.19.8'gem install cvs -v '0.1.0'gem install mini_mime -v "1.0.1"gem install roadie-rails -v "1.3.0"gem install mail -v "2.7.1"gem install tzinfo-datagem install sprockets -v "3.7.2"gem install minitest -v '5.11.3'gem install redmine_acts_as_taggable_on -v "1.0"

23、创建数据库表及默认设置

RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rails db:migrateRAILS_ENV=production REDMINE_LANG=zh bundle exec rake redmine:load_default_data

24、创建相关目录及权限设置

mkdir -p tmp tmp/pdf public/plugin_assetschown -R apache:apache files log tmp public/pluginschmod -R 755 files log tmp public/s

25、启动 Redmine

bundle exec rails server webrick -e production

本机访问 http://localhost:3000

遇到的问题:执行时报错

 bundle install –without development test

输出日志 显示找不到 rmagick -v ‘2.16.0’

An error occurred while installing rmagick (2.16.0), and Bundler cannotcontinue.Make sure that `gem install rmagick -v ‘2.16.0’` succeeds before bundling.

26、解决方法:

yum install ImageMagick ImageMagick-devel

27、配置 nginx 访问 redmine 在 http {} 中加入

 # Redmine passenger_enabled on; passenger_root /usr/local/ruby/lib/ruby/gems/2.2.0/gems/passenger-6.0.2; passenger_ruby /usr/local/ruby/bin/ruby; upstream redmine{ server 127.0.0.1:3000;

28、然后 server 配置:

server { listen 80 default_server; server_name 192.168.20.235;# server_name _; index index.html index.htm index.php; access_log /data/wwwlogs/access_redmine.log; # redmine 访问目录 root /usr/local/redmine/public; #error_page 404 /404.html; # redmine location / { try_files $uri @redmine; } location @redmine { proxy_pass http://redmine; proxy_redirect off; proxy_set_header Host $host; #注:这个不传进去,会暴露端口号,且会影响速度 proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; # 如果找不到真实存在的文件,把请求分发至 index.php # try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args; } location /nginx_status { stub_status on; access_log off; } location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$ { expires 30d; } location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$ { expires 12h; } location ~ /.well-known { allow all; } location ~ /\. { deny all; }

还需要完善

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